Research process in research methodology
The main text of the report should have the following parts: Introduction: It should contain a clear statement of the objective of the research an dan explanation of the methodology adopted in accomplishing the research.
First, it narrows the scope of the study from a very large population to one that is manageable. Terms or concepts often have different definitions depending on who is reading the study.
Essentially two steps are involved in formulating the research problem, vi. Editing is the procedure that improves the quality of the data for coding. A brief mention of the important sample designs is as follows: Deliberate sampling: Deliberate sampling is also known as purposive or non-probability sampling.
Research process in research methodology
Formulating the research problem: There are two types of research problems, vi. The way you formulate a problem determines almost every step that follows. Step 7: Collect Data Once the instrumentation plan is completed, the actual study begins with the collection of data. You cannot conduct a study using the scientific research process when time is limited or the study is done at the last minute. To do this, the researcher must review the literature related to the research problem. By defining the terms or concepts more narrowly, the scope of the study is more manageable for the programmer, making it easier to collect the necessary data for the study. As a matter of fact,the real value of research lies in its ability to arrive at certain generalizations. For instance, blood testing is done only on sample basis. To select the sample, each item is assigned a number from 1 to 15, A typical research process comprises the following stages: 1. Analysis work after tabulation is generally based on the computation of various percentages,coefficients, etc. STEP 3: Constructing an instrument for data collection Construction of an instrument for research total depends upon how you are going to collect data and various method around it. There are sever always of collecting the appropriate data which differ considerably in context of money costs, time and other resources at the disposal of the researcher. But in practice this may not be true. Conclusions relate to the level of achievement of research aims and objectives.
The first draft of your dissertation needs to be prepared at least one month before the submission deadline. Suppose some departmental store wishes to sample its credit card holders. The research process is similar to undertaking a journey. An element of randomness is usually introduced into this kind of sampling by using random numbers to pick up the unit with which to start.
Research process pdf
But how all these can be achieved depends mainly on the research purpose. The information discovered during this step helps the programmer fully understand the magnitude of the problem, recognize the future consequences of obesity, and identify a strategy to combat obesity i. This is referred to as replicating the study. The sample design to be used must be decided by the researcher taking into consideration the nature of the inquiry and other related factors. STEP 4: Selecting a sampling design Sampling design selection is another crucial step in the research process, the research result will largely depend on the category of sampling design you have chosen for your research study. Judgment sampling is used quite frequently in qualitative research where the desire happens to be to develop hypotheses rather than to generalize to larger populations. Though he should pay attention to all these factors but much depends upon the ability and experience of the researcher. Incase of infinite population, the selection of each item in a random sample is controlled by the same probability and that successive selections are independent of one another. Through telephone interviews: This method of collecting information involves contacting the respondents on telephone itself. For example,a judgment sample of college students might be taken to secure reactions to a new method of teaching. It may be pointed out here that normally one should resort to random sampling so that bias can be eliminated and sampling error can be estimated. Data are collected by filling up the schedules by enumerators on the basis of replies given by respondents. It must be divided into chapters and every chapter explains separate title in which summary of the findings should be enlisted.
If you find research area and research problem that is genuinely interesting to you it is for sure that the whole process of writing your dissertation will be much easier.
It is compulsory for a research worker writing a thesis for a Ph. These two sets of data will be analyzed to determine if there was a difference between the first measurement and the second measurement for each individual in the program.
For cluster sampling this list of 15, card holders could be formed into clusters of cardholders each.
based on 26 review