Later plagues were especially violent, as noted above, in towns. Suitable climate, soil, and markets made grapes, olives, apples, pears, vegetables, hops, hemp, flax, silk, and dye—stuffs attractive alternatives to grain. All diseases spread by cross-infection between humans, on the contrary, gain increasing powers of spread with increasing density of population and cause highest mortality rates in urban centres.
This was the system of service in return for a grant of land, burdening the peasant with many obligations to his lord.
Other areas which escaped the plague were isolated in mountainous regions e.
Let us first of all summarize Van Werveke's argument. Cohn, Sameul K. During the plague year —49 at Fornham All Saints Suffolkthe lord paid the pre—plague rate of 3d. Thus, two northern plague fronts were opened less than two months after the disease had invaded southern Spain.
After a well-known article by Van Werveke, it has been almost generally accepted that during the first great epidemic, the Black Death ofthese regions in their main parts were saved from it. Manchester: Manchester University Press, Regional mortality in Languedoc France was forty to fifty percent while sixty to eighty percent of Tuscans Italy perished.
The cultivation of the demesne continued, though not on the pre—plague scale.
Boston: David R.